What Is The Purpose Of Law And Its Functions In A Society?
The basic meaning of the word “law” is “order”. Therefore, the purposes of law are to maintain and guarantee order in society. If we study the history of law we can see that it has been repeatedly adapted to suit changing societal needs. This article will consider some of the main purposes of law.
The preservation of order is the central purpose of law. Without laws society would be unable to meet the challenges of modern living. For example, consider a situation where a war breaks out between two rival gangs. If there are no laws covering who can kill who, where weapons are illegal, and how they should be used, then these conflicts will continue to spill over into local areas and result in terrible suffering.
Another example is when two neighbors come to an agreement that if they do not fight each other they will leave each other alone. However, if the law does not protect them from being killed, then they end up in court and before a judge decides who lives and who dies. If there are no legal means of preventing such a horrible outcome, then what is the purpose of law and its purposes in a civilized society?
In order to decide what is the function of law in society, we must also answer the question: What is the purpose of law in a society which does not have laws guaranteeing order? The best example for this is primitive society. Before states could establish laws, there were no written records, and each family had to settle disputes among themselves. There was no way to keep track of disputes or decide who was right and who was wrong… it was simply survival of the fittest.
As we see in more developed societies, law is a complex thing. It is not always easy to identify the purposes and use the law for those purposes. For instance, in a civilized society, the purpose of law is to prevent group violence or to maintain order among groups of people. There are different levels of government, different types of government, and different purposes for different government. Each has different laws for which it establishes its purposes. In fact, in order for the government to be able to pass laws at all, it must have established and enforced …